- Jefferson School District 14J
- Jefferson, Oregon
Jefferson is a city in Marion County, Oregon, United States. It is part of the Salem Metropolitan Statistical Area. The population was 3,098 at the 2010 census. It is home to the annual Mint Harvest Festival and is the self-proclaimed "Mint Capital of the World" as well as "Frog Jumping Capital of Oregon." The city sits on the right bank of the Santiam River between Salem and Albany along Oregon Route 164 east of Interstate 5.
The first name for this locality was Conser's Ferry, for Jacob S. Conser, an Oregon Trail pioneer of 1848 who ran a ferry across the Santiam River. Conser was also involved in the communities of Syracuse and Santiam City, which was about 2 miles (3 km) downstream of Jefferson. He established the ferry in 1851, and also served as the postmaster of Santiam City. When the Jefferson Institute was established in the vicinity (not the same as the Jefferson Institute in Polk County), the name Jefferson was eventually adopted by the community. Jefferson post office was established in 1861, with a name change from Syracuse, and previously, Santiam City.
In 1974, the Jacob Conser House was listed on the National Register of Historic Places (NRHP), which serves as the city's library. The current Oregon Route 164 bridge across the Santiam was designed by Conde McCullough and named in Conser's honor. The Jefferson Methodist Church was added to the NRHP in 1980. In 2017, voters recalled mayor Cyndie Hightower, and three city council members resigned over issues related to the annexation of land into the city.
As of the census of 2010, the city contained
- 3,098 people
- 1,057 households
- 820 families
The population density was 4,076.3 inhabitants per square mile (1,573.9/km2). There were 1,119 housing units at an average density of 1,472.4 per square mile (568.5/km2). The racial makeup of the city was 83.8% White, 0.2% African American, 1.7% Native American, 0.5% Asian, 0.3% Pacific Islander, 9.6% from other races, and 3.9% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 19.2% of the population.
There were 1,057 households of which 44.3% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 59.5% were married couples living together, 13.3% had a female householder with no husband present, 4.7% had a male householder with no wife present, and 22.4% were non-families. 16.0% of all households were made up of individuals and 6.7% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.93 and the average family size was 3.27.
The median age in the city was 32 years. 30.5% of residents were under the age of 18; 8.1% were between the ages of 18 and 24; 29.3% were from 25 to 44; 22.8% were from 45 to 64; and 9.4% were 65 years of age or older. The gender makeup of the city was 48.7% male and 51.3% female.